Saturday, September 23, 2017

Far right Catholics experts at bullying and intimidation

An interesting editorial in the current issue of The Tablet.

Cafod, the overseas aid agency that stands for all that is truest and best in Catholicism in England and Wales, has allowed itself to succumb to a combination of trolling, no-platforming, and the Catholic alt-right – that is, the mad-as-a-hatter version of American Catholicism. It has issued and then withdrawn an invitation to a distinguished American theologian to give a lecture in London – then reissued it after second thoughts – because of the fuss his most recent book might cause.
“No-platforming” means refusing to invite to speak – or having invited, then cancelling – people whose opinions draw strong disapproval. It has legitimately been used to keep academic campuses clear of outright racists or fascists, on the grounds that the invitation itself conveys some support or approval for the speaker’s views. Trolling is the practice of using Twitter, Facebook and other social media to bombard a target with insulting or threatening messages. And the alt-right (or alternative right) is a grisly section of the internet occupied by extremists who reject mainstream conservative ideas, and is usually ultra-nationalistic, rabidly anti-liberal, racist, homophobic and misogynistic.
The latest book by Fr James Martin SJ, Building a Bridge, argues for a dialogue between the official Roman Catholic Church and lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender Catholics who feel alienated from it. It is a moderate proposal, for each side to enter into a relationship of respect, compassion and sensitivity. What has angered his critics, it seems, is that Fr Martin’s approach is incompatible with the continued stigmatisation of homosexuality and other sexual orientations. But instead of attempting to disprove his argument, on the basis that the best response to bad theology is better theology, these critics demand that Catholic institutions no-platform him. Explaining that the decision had been made after “increasing negative attacks” on social media, the national seminary run by the Catholic University of America in Washington recently withdrew its invitation to Fr Martin to speak – on the subject of Jesus, no less.
Fr Martin reported on Facebook that an invitation to come to London to give a talk to help Cafod launch its campaign in support of migrants and refugees had also been cancelled. Cafod explained that when Building a Bridge was published “and we saw the strength of feeling it generated in some quarters”, they had a duty to consider how to proceed in the best interests of Cafod’s work. “We have recent experience of social media attacks. Responding to these takes a significant amount of staff resource,” they explained. Cafod said it had talked to Fr Martin about another date, but he told The Tablet it was clear to him that he had been disinvited, and that the book – and social media reaction to it – was the reason.
The influence of far-right-wing Catholicism on the Catholic Church, particularly in the US, is out of all proportion to its significance. It succeeds by bullying and intimidation. It is time the Church and all its institutions, official and unofficial, made a firm determination to deal with this poison in the best and only way – to pay it no attention whatsoever. To do otherwise is to allow oneself to be poisoned.

Friday, September 22, 2017

Michael O'Leary blather

Ryanair's Michael O'Leary said these four sentences yesterday:

We do work hard and we expect everyone around here to work hard.

And then later he said this:

They [pilots] are very skilled professionals. But are they worked-hard? No.

At least confusing. All part of the blather.

Bo on Auung San Suu Kyi

Her role is very fragile. 

Democracy is still fragile.

She faces a strong nationalist extremist religious fringe spreading across the country.

Myanmar Cardinal Charles Bo on the global stigmatising of Aung San Suu Kyi. 

Thursday, September 21, 2017

David Quinn's world

In the current issue of The Irish Catholic David Quinn challenges the 'liberal narrative'.

It's a 'them versus us' analysis of the changes that have occurred in Irish society in recent years.

The piece is couched in pejorative language. Certainly not an uplifting or inspiring article.

And why is it all the examples are in one way or another linked to sexuality?

Mr Quinn has nothing to say on the advancees that have taken place in our schools. They are not the savage places they were 30, 40, 50 years ago. Nor does he say a word about the rights that workers have today. Of course nothing is perfect but the Ireland of 2017 is a better place to live than the Ireland of 1957.

A vein of nastiness lurks right through the page.

Surely Christianity has a better story to say than this.

Wednesday, September 20, 2017

Josephine Feehily inspires

The chairperson of the Policing Authority, Josephine Feehily was interviewed on Prime Time last evening.

Anytime she writes or says anything in public she comes across as a most impressive woman.

How many Irish bishops or provincials are close to her calibre in how they manage their dioceses or religious congregations?

It seems leadership in the Irish Catholic church is doomed to destruction in its own clerical noose.

Observing Ms Feehily in her jobs in the public service one has to be impressed by her. She is a person who inspires.

So many church 'leaders' are a source of embarrassment. Not all, but too many.

Tuesday, September 19, 2017

Effective and humanising to be kind and gentle

This week's Independent News & Media Irish regional newspapers' column.

Michael Commane
In response to a column I wrote three weeks ago a reader commented on the violence that was perpetrated in religious-run schools in Ireland. He reminded readers of the brutality that went on in schools and how religious brothers and priests tortured us.

I'm one of those victims. Let me assure the writer I was at the receiving end of some of that savagery. I agree with the letter writer 100 per cent. And not only did they physically and sexually abuse their victims, they also inflicted terrible psychological damage. Look at the sneering and bullying that went on.

How and why did it all go so wrong? But it was not just the mental and physical violence, it was also how we were taught. Most of us did our homework out of fear. We knew that if we did not produce the goods the next day we would be attacked.

Of course there were the good and kind teachers but in general the regime was brutalising. My father who was the kindest and gentlest of people, who was born in 1909, often spoke to me of some of the cruelty he saw and experienced at boarding school.

That violence went on a long time. Of course our generation has not rid the world of violence but at least our schools in this part of the world are managed a lot better than they were in the not-too-distant past.

One of the great moments in Irish education was when corporal punishment was banned and then later made illegal. It was banned in 1982 and it took another 14 years before it was made illegal. I taught before and after the change. Hitting children was and is a barbarity.

How much more pleasant, effective, indeed, humanising it is to be gentle and kind.

And I saw a dose of that last week.

I had arrived at Tralee bus station with my bicycle, planning to take the bus as far as Camp in West Kerry. Also waiting for the bus was a group of young people coming from school. They reminded me of my school days.

The bus was parked at the bay with its luggage side door open. I loaded my bike without asking anyone. So when an inspector appeared I told him. Instead of being officious and full of nonsense, he was polite and kind and indeed told me there was plenty of space.

I was the first on the bus and sat in the front seat. A good place to be as I needed to watch out for where I planned to get off.

For over 30 minutes I observed the driver being respectful , courteous and kind to every passenger who got on and off the bus. He never once failed to say hello and goodbye to a passenger and indeed, watch out for those who were not the most agile.

I explained to him where I wanted to get off. He listened carefully to me and stopped the bus at the exact place that I had requested.

I never met or saw the man before. No doubt he has all the failings of any human being,  just as the teachers who brutalised us also had good points.

But please give me the bus driver any day ahead of those nasty teachers.

I'll remember him for a long time just as I remember those teachers for all the wrong and very different reasons.

An impressive Bus ÉIireann driver. And I have met many of them. 

'My religion is very simple. My religion is kindness'. - Dalai Lama.

Monday, September 18, 2017

Detectorists are everywhere

An article in yesterday's digital version of the Guardian.

It's a wise piece of writing and has a lot to say about where we are. Clever.

Those detectorists could be students, factory workers, locomotive drivers, priests, teachers, social workers, Dominicans.

They could cast their vote for most political parties and the majority of political parties have them as their members.

They could be US citizens, Russians, Poles, British, German, Irish. Almost Everyman. But not quite. At least not yet.

Sunday, September 17, 2017

Michael O'Leary's Ryanair

Last Thursday Bus Éireann ran a service at 11.40 from Killarney to Kenmare. There were five passengers on the 55-seater bus, one of whom was a paying passenger, who paid a reduced fare as he was a student.

On the 16.05 service from Kenmare to Killarney a number of people travelled on the bus as far as Kilgarvan. But from Kilgarvan to Killarney there was only one person on the bus, which was again a 55-seater vehicle.

There may well be more efficient ways in ferrying passengers to the more remote parts of Ireland. But it is a public service, something about which the State should be proud. There's more to living than economics and lucre.

Compare that policy/philosophy with what has happened in Ryanair this week.

Imagine what Ryanair would say if Iarnród Éireann, Bus Éireann or Dublin Bus emailed passengers informing them that some trains and buses would be cancelled because the companies forgot to arrange holidays for their drivers.

It is laughable beyond the extreme. It is also arrogant, indeed nasty and exceptionally mean. Surely the rawest face possible of capitalism at its meanest and dirtiest.

Another Irish joke, the style of joke that up to now Michael O'Leary has got great fun from.

Yesterday Ryanair had no-one available for comment.

Saturday, September 16, 2017

Forgiveness can easily have us walking on eggshells

This 'Thinking Anew' column The Irish Times today.

Michael Commane  
It's commonly believed that the big alienating issue surrounding Christianity, especially for the Catholic Church, are matters dealing with sexuality. And there's something in that observation. But issues surrounding forgiveness might also create the occasional hiccup.
Tomorrow's Gospel (Matthew 18: 21 -35) is the familiar story of Peter asking Jesus how many times must he forgive his brother if he wrongs him. He asks Jesus should he forgive him seven times. Jesus answers: "Not seven, I tell you, but seventy-seven times"
In the first reading tomorrow from the book of Ecclesiasticus we are told to "Forgive your neighbour the hurt he does you".

Easy to talk about forgiveness, easy to sit and write about it. Living it is another matter.
Recently a homeless man died on the streets of Dublin. It made national headlines. It was later discovered that he had a criminal record, including crimes of indecent assault. In this newspaper last Saturday Simon Carswell observed that "the focus was no longer on how he died but on how he lived".
Some weeks earlier there was a controversy over the celebration of an anniversary Mass for a man who had murdered his children and wife. The opponents to the Mass argued that the man did not deserve such a focus.
Nowadays on the conclusion of a serious court case we sometimes see and hear the relatives and friends of victims express their strongly held views on the sentence handed down to the guilty party. 

Of course,  people have to pay for their crimes. That's a given. But in the vocabulary of Christianity,  forgiveness is always part of the wider story.
And that's the central theme in tomorrow's Gospel reading. We have been asked to 'forgive from the heart'.
Easier said than done.

I’m a priest and in my theology studies there was always great emphasis placed on the redemptive aspect of the suffering, death and resurrection of  Jesus. God became man to save us. 

The sacraments are about giving life and the sacrament of reconciliation is where God forgives us our wrong-doing. And, at least according to any Christian theology worth its name, there is no sin, no wrong-doing beyond the pale. We have always been told that there is no sin too great for God to forgive. Indeed, it's a core value of the sacramental life of the Catholic Church.
For example, the demands of justice which do not allow paedophile priests back into active ministry should not be confused with a lack of forgiveness.

It goes without saying that crime is heinous, but of course there are grades of evil/wrongdoing/badness. All sexual crimes, especially against children and vulnerable adults are particularly heinous. But as a Christian it is not possible to say they are unforgivable. If it is, then the entire edifice of Christianity needs restructuring. 

Medical evidence shows that paedophilia is recidivist. Paedophiles cannot be cured. That makes it abundantly clear that priests who commit such crimes must and can never be allowed work in priestly ministry. And that's exactly what the church did not do in the past. 
But has the church not got an obligation to perpetrators of all crimes to offer them forgiveness when and if it is asked for?

Forgiveness can be messy, it might cause great discomfort for large organisations and their lawyers.

We understand but we do not condone the behaviour of  people who are hurting behaving in a revengeful way outside courtrooms when sentences are handed down. Shouldn’t we be concerned when a church which speaks so loudly about forgiveness treats its priestly perpetrators of heinous crimes as outcasts?
It's easy to write and talk about forgiveness. But if we are really to say anything meaningful about it and try to say something of worth about it and tomorrow's Gospel, we will inevitably be walking on eggshells and entering a most dangerous territory.

"Not seven, I tell you, but seventy-seven times'.(Mt 18: 22)

And, of course, forgiving never means condoning.

Friday, September 15, 2017

RTE's Prime Time

"Hope you can join David and I on Prime Time......."

Miriam O'Callaghan signing off on a Prime Time special last evening.


Thursday, September 14, 2017

Keeping clergy in business

Interesting piece from Richard Rohr.

A prophet is one who keeps God free for people and who keeps people free for God. Both of these are much needed and vital tasks.

God has been imprisoned and made inaccessible, and far too many people have been shamed and taught guilt to keep us clergy in business.

Our job became “sin management.” Sadly the laity bought into this negative story line.

That is what happens when priests are not informed by prophets.

Wednesday, September 13, 2017

Masha Ayokhyna

Masha Alyokhina, a member of the Russia anti-Putin group Pussy Riots was interviewed on BBC's Newsnight last evening.

She spent two years in prison in Siberia, which she said had all the horror and cruelty of a Russia prison of 100 years ago.

An impressive woman. 

She put Putin and Trump on the one team and sees the Russian President as the face behind an oppresive Russia 'conglomerate'

Tuesday, September 12, 2017

Living in the now

This week's Independent News & Media Irish regional newspapers' column.

Michael Commane

On this Tuesday, 50 years ago, September 15, 1967 a group of young men began their novitiate year in the Dominican Priory in Pope’s Quay, Cork. There were nine of us. One left at the end of the novitiate, five during the following six years. Three of us were ordained priests. One resigned from priestly ministry shortly after ordination. There are still two of us Dominican priests.

There’s little point in living in the past or giving it more importance than it deserves. But experience is a great teacher and surely we can learn from the past.

What’s the point in being concerned about the future? A wise man once said to me that the things we  worry about seldom if ever happen.

All we have is the now.

I don't remember much, if anything, from the philosophy classes, but I clearly recall hearing a lecturer say one day that all we have is the ‘nunc’. It always sounds learned to say something in Latin. Then again, I’m wondering would I have remembered it had he simply said that all we have is the now?

The Russian novelist Leo Tolstoy says about the now: ‘It is the most important time because it is the only time when we have any power’.

A fellow Dominican writes a daily Gospel commentary called On one occasion earlier this month he recalled how as a child his local priest was always talking about life after death. Now as an adult he wonders why the priest did not talk about the now.

It might be easy to talk about the past, hope for or worry about the future but the now is the time in which we live our lives. But that does not mean we live lives of resignation.

Of course when people live in shocking surroundings and conditions it makes sense to do everything possible to change things and improve their lot.

In early  September, cycling in Dublin between 08.15 and 09.00, I saw children heading for school. School had reopened after the long summer holidays and on every footpath, at every street corner children were heading for school. All dressed in new school uniforms. Some were walking, more on bicycles, others on scooters. And then the toddlers heading to school for the first time. They were with their parents, a special day in the life of parents and children.

But just to observe it all, fleetingly from my bicycle, there was something simply delightful about it. All one could do was to wish them well. So important that they enjoy the day that was in it and make the best of it.

Some days later, this time earlier in the morning, 07.10 to be exact,  I saw someone on the footpath, waiting to cross the road. She was checking her mobile phone. 

Looking at her reminded me of the news report about how Irish Rail had recorded an increase in the number of accidents of people getting on and off trains. It seems they miss their step because they are on their mobile phones.

Mobile phones distract us from what we are doing and in that sense they take us away from the now, they take our attention off the present moment.

Mindfulness is about living in the now, being actively conscious of what we are doing and appreciating it.

There's so much to see and appreciate in front of our eyes. Fantasy world never lives up to the real thing.

The gems that stare us in the face. It's great when we spot them and cease the moment, carpe diem.

Monday, September 11, 2017

Football history in Germany

Football history was made in Germany yesterday.

For the first time a woman refereed a Bundesliga game.

Bibiana Steinhaus was the referee in the 1 - 1 game between Hertha BSC and Werder Bremen.

Steinhaus became the first woman to referee a top-tier match in the German, English, French, Italian or Spanish leagues when she refereed the Bundesliga game in Berlin.

Sunday, September 10, 2017

Pope Francis makes significant liturgical changes

From the National Catholic Reporter of September 9.
To think of the money that has been wasted on the current Missal that is used in Ireland.
What will and can the Irish bishops now say?
Why did the Irish bishops allow happen what happened? It's worth noting that the German bishops did not change the Missal.
There are 32 words in the Opening Prayer of today's Mass, 44 in last Sunday's. Who sanctioned such nonsense?
And we might even be allowed call it the 'Opening Prayer' again. 'They' and their 'Collects'.
It has all been a preposterous exercise that has done far more harm than good.
Pope Francis has decentralized authority over how the texts used in the Catholic Church's liturgies are translated from Latin into local languages, moving most responsibility for the matter from the Vatican to national bishops' conferences.
In a motu proprio issued Sept. 9, the pontiff says he is making a change to the church's Code of Canon Law so that the Second Vatican Council's call to make the liturgy more understandable to people is "more clearly reaffirmed and put into practice."
The motu proprio, given the title Magnum Principium, modifies two clauses of Canon 838. The rewritten clauses say simply that the Vatican is to "recognize" adaptations of Latin liturgical texts approved by national bishops' conferences.
A comparison of the Italian text of the prior and new versions of the canon makes the change clear. Where the Italian says the Vatican was tasked before with "authorizing" all liturgical translations, it is now asked simply to "review" translations made by the bishops' conferences.
That review will partly come through a process of confirming that the translations appropriately reflect the intent of the original Latin, known as a confirmatio.
The Vatican's Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments said in a note accompanying the release of the motu proprio that the confirmatio process "leaves responsibility for the translation, presumed to be faithful, to the pastoral and doctrinal munus of the bishops' conference."
The congregation adds that the confirmatio "presupposes a positive evaluation of the faithfulness and congruence of the produced texts with respect to the Latin text."
The process of crafting translations of Latin texts into local languages has been one of the most controversial and acrimonious in the Catholic church since the end of the Council, held from 1962-65.
Debate has centered over whether such translations should take a word-to-word literal approach in conveying the meaning of the Latin texts, or focus on adapting those texts to read more fluently in modern languages.
A 2001 instruction from the Vatican's worship congregation, Liturgiam authenticam, specified that translations from Latin were to be made "in the most exact manner, without omissions or additions in terms of their content."
The instruction was a major reversal of the worship congregation’s original postconciliar translation rules, spelled out in 1969 in its document Comme le Prevois, which encouraged translators to adapt the original Latin to contemporary linguistic and cultural conditions in their countries.
To put in place the new approach to translations in the English-speaking world, the Vatican congregation established a new committee in 2001, known as Vox Clara, to evaluate specifically English-language liturgical translations. The committee assumed much of the authority that had been given to the International Commission on English in the Liturgy, which had followed the rules as put forth in Comme le Prevois.
Using the norms put forth in Liturgiam authenticam, the U.S. church adopted a new English translation of the Roman Missal in late 2011. That translation has faced criticism from those who find its use of English archaic and far from poetic.
Francis acknowledges the acrimony that has surrounded liturgical translations in his September 9 motu proprio, saying "it is no surprise that difficulties have arisen between the Episcopal Conferences and the Apostolic See."
"In order that the decisions of the Council about the use of vernacular languages in the liturgy can also be of value in the future a vigilant and creative collaboration full of reciprocal trust between the Episcopal Conferences and ... the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, is absolutely necessary," he continues.
The changes to the Code of Canon Law were approved by Francis September 3 and will go into effect on October 1.
The Vatican released notice of the changes as the pope is on a four-city visit to Colombia. 
When the news was first announced, Francis was preparing to travel to Medellin, the site of a landmark 1968 meeting of the regional Latin American Episcopal Conference that stressed the role regional and national bishops' conferences play in the life of church.

Saturday, September 9, 2017

Cockburn's standing cycling

A piece from The Irish Times yesterday on words spoken at the funeral Mass of Don Cockburn.
Alleluia for 'forbidden' eulogies at funeral Masses. Otherwise most likely we would never have heard such wonderful tales.
After tha heavy rain in Dublin yesterday the good Don would have been cycling standing up.  Saddles were soaked wet.
His son John said his father, who died this week aged 87, was a devout Catholic who was “kind, constant, generous, beautiful, eccentric, enigmatic, infuriating, deep and unknowable”.
To laughter, he recalled his father pushing his car a short distance from their home at 5am as he left for RTÉ so as not to wake the neighbours, and to save the battery.
Mr Cockburn was a cyclist described on Twitter as the man who probably invented the cycle to work scheme. He was also green and recycling long before it came into vogue, including holding onto a  Supervalu bag, with a hole in it, for about 15 years, his funeral heard. He sometimes cycled standing up to save the seat of his “good trousers” and his gardening was chaotic and based on the “Edenprinciple – let God do most of the work”, his son said.

Friday, September 8, 2017

Rowan on Cormac

This week's issue of 'The Tablet' concentrates on the life and times of Cardinal Murphy-O'Connor, who died in a London hospital on Friday, September 1.

The piece below is from the tribute paid by Rowan Williams to the late Cormac Murphy-O'Connor.

Thursday, September 7, 2017

Not-so-skinny Aeroflot

In the Moscow Court yesterday Aeroflot cabin crew won their case against the airline.

See blogpost of Monday, September 4.

Piano playing at Pearse

Great initiative at Pearse Station Dublin.

As and from today rail passengers arriving and departing at Pearse Station Westland Row, Dublin will be greeted by live piano playing music.

Well done to Iarnród Éireann and the piano tuner whose idea it is and who is playing the piano.

Archbishop Desmond Tutu

On this day, September 7 in 1986 Desmond Tutu became the first black man to be head of the Anglican Communion in South Africa.

In 2002  Archbishop Tutu was named an honorary patron of the University Philosophical Society at Trinity College Dublin.

He received the award for his contribution to world peace and discourse.

Tuesday, September 5, 2017

Jean Vanier offers hope

This week's Independent News & Media Irish regional newspapers' column.

Michael Commane
Religions seem to have the ability to attract the oddest and weirdest of people, or so it seems.

Last week Gurmeet Ram Rahim, a self-styled 'God Man', was jailed for 10 years having been found guilty of raping two woman in his ashram.

The Indian claims to have 60 million devotees and surrounds himself with 400 castrated bodyguards. Rahim claims castration brings his followers 'closer to God'.

The guilty verdict and subsequent prison sentence has caused a furore in India.

Elsewhere I read a report about a Catholic priest in the US who was found guilty of having images of child pornography on his computer. He argued that he was angry with God. Why? He lost money playing poker.

On Monday, August 28 the Joe Duffy Show aired the story of Marty Morrissey talking at Knock and the Paddy Power ad/image on the gable end of the basilica which featured the images of Sam Maguire and Our Lady.

A great story for the Joe Duffy Show. All possible angles were discussed. The Paddy Power representative admitted he would not dare try such a stunt at a mosque.

Christianity, including Catholicism is a broad church, made up of so many different parts, customs and rituals. It’s a great mix but there is always the temptation or inclination to take refuge in ‘border-line’ activity, placing it centre stage, when that is not its place.

Might it be that because of the fall-off in religious practice some sort of vacuum is being created and that that is being filled by a worrying zealotry? Observing the modus operandi of ‘pious groups’ one gets the impression that when they speak they are certain God agrees. They believe they are infallible. Or maybe it is that I am listening to and reading all the wrong material.

Just the other day a wise young woman told me to stay away from all the right-wing religious magazines that appear at the back of churches. I should take her advice.

But my faith was restored. I came across an interview with Jean Vanier. Vanier, who is 88, has given his life to helping people with special needs. He founded L'Arche. Today there are 143 of these communities around the world and he has spent his life living in L'Arche communities among people with special needs.

He sees prayer as being twinned with action. The interviewer, Maggie Ferguson, points out how after a day's activity Vanier slips into the small candlelit chapel next to his house to end his day in front of the Blessed Sacrament.

Coincidentally, after reading the piece I discovered that a Dominican colleague and friend has spent many years associated with Jean Vanier and assures me he is an impressive man.

In the interview there are nuggets of inspiration. He tells Ms Ferguson that to 'love people is to reveal to them that they are more beautiful than they dare believe'.

Elsewhere, he suggests that when you let people who are 'no good' into your life, you are transformed.

I needed that read because I'm at my wit's end trying to have patience with so many sides of religion that I find difficult to take.

Vanier even has something to say on hell: 'I can't speak about hell, but wasn't it John Paul II who said that, even if hell exists, it may be empty.'

There are many Jean Vaniers in the world. Thank God.

Monday, September 4, 2017

Skinny Aeroflot

An interesting story in today's Guardian.

A similar style behaviour goes on everywhere. Some places do it with more subtlety. 

Fifty years ago today

On this day 50 years ago, September 4, 1967 nine young men knocked at the door of the Dominican Priory, Pope's Quay Cork to begin their noviciate.

They were:
John Brennan, Cork; Martin Ennis, Dublin; Billy Lee, Cork; Michael Commane, Dublin; Dan Murphy, Macroom; Kenrick Ali, Trinidad; Francis Monaghan, Straffan; John Conaghy, Drogheda, and Martin Boyle, Galway.

Francis Monaghan left at the end of the noviciate. John Brennan, Billy Lee, Kenrick Ali and Dan Murphy departed some years later. John Conaghy left close to ordination.

Martin Ennis, Michael Commane and Martin Boyle were ordained priests.

Shortly after ordination Martin Ennis resigned from ministry.